Exception in man is usually celebrated and immortalized. Each day adds up to weeks, months and years. Records are painstakingly shattered and in some cases made as names are written in ink of gold and some in ink of blood on the dusty pages of history. However, not all pages of history can be dusty. Among a few historical pages in Nigeria that are often cleaned up are the following that were made in August in different years.

1. Mungo Park Discovered River Niger on August 19, 1805

The Niger River was reached at Banbahoo this month by Mungo Park, Anderson, Martyn and seven other Europeans. About 35 others were killed or killed by robbers. Park built and moved a small canoe which he named HMS Jolibar here.

2. Britain annexes Lagos August 6, 1861

On August 6, 1861, Britain annexed Lagos, declared it a British colony in 1862, and established it as a protectorate over most of its Yoruba neighbors between 1890 and 1897. With a population of over 60,000 people, the Lagos Colony was an advanced commercial hub from 1872.

In 1906, the British added the Lagos Colony to the Protectorate of Southern Nigeria. Later, in 1914, Lagos became the capital of the Protectorate of Nigeria.

3. Treaty of Cession of Lagos 6 August 1961

The symbol of colonialism is present around us to remind us of years of domination and foreign rule. Signed by (King) Oba Dosunmu; the then ruler of the coveted commercial center; Lagos, the Lagos Assignment Treaty is one of the fundamental and institutional documents announcing the beginning of foreign rule in Lagos and other parts of sub-Saharan Africa, which will later be merged and baptized in 1914; Nigeria.

A petrified Dosunmu signed the document on behalf of his leaders on the persuasion of Norman B Bedingfield, who made him a regent to the Queen of England at the threat that the British would bomb Lagos on his dissent.

The Lagos Assignment Treaty of 1861 theoretically confirmed that Lagos was a colony before the actual granting and declaration of “Crown Colony” status, which will take place later in 1862.

4. The August 1985 Palace Coup

On August 27, 1985, a coup d’état was carried out in the palace by former head of state, Major General Ibrahim Babangida, the army chief of staff who overthrew the government of Major General Muhammadu Buhari after a successful coup. However, Buhari was arrested and held for three years until 1988. It was this pain and grief that led to the death of former head of state Buhari’s mother while trying to rescue his son from prison.

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5. Samuel Sochukuma Okwaraji’s Tragic Death on the Field August 12, 1989

Surulere battled for a win at the Lagos National Stadium and in front of a huge crowd the 18-player Nigerian team faced Angola for the World Cup qualifier, setting the stage for one of the most tragic moments in Nigerian football history.

Number 6, dreadlocked 25-year-old mmidfielfielder’SlSamuelraji suddenly collapsed while playing and was pronounced dead from high blood pressure and enlarged heart, leading to an ironic victory for Nigeria who won the match against Angola with a 1-0 but Samuel Okwaraji lost; a lawyer turned footballer and promising scholar in her battle for World Cup qualifiers.

After decades of his tragic death, Okwaraji’s bust lies in the National Stadium in Lagos; immortalized the place of his death as an example of sacrifice and service.

6. Gen. Babangida relinquishes power August 26, 1993

Following worldwide criticism of the scandal-ridden military regime of Babangida over the annulment of the June 12, 1993 presidential elections, which frustrated any attempt at civilian-led government, the president; Gen Ibrahim Babangida voluntarily handed over in a less ceremonial manner to a pre-organized interim government that will later struggle for legitimacy, led by Chief Earnest Shonekan.

Brought to power by the palace coup of 1985, the handover took place at the height of the scandal-ridden government with several protests and planned strikes calling for the military ruler’s resignation. The trial and execution of some members of the military and co-conspirators of two alleged failed coups planned by Manman Vasta and Gideon Okar in conjunction with the murder of the popular journalist; Dele Giwa, prepared the regime for an indecent departure.

Hence the annulment of the elections of 12 June 1993 popularly won by one of the two political parties created by the government; the SDP candidate and president elected; Chief Olawale Moshood Abiola, came as the icing on the cake and led to the end of a controversial 8-year rule.

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7. Nigeria’s First Olympic Gold Medal in Football August 3, 1996

Largely regarded as the golden age and height of the Nigerian football club in the history of the country, Nigeria achieved its first and since then only Olympic gold medal in football, making her a pioneer and pacesetter in the continent as the first African country to achieve a gold medal in football at the Olympics.

An important moment in Nigeria’s sporting history, the 1996 ‘dream team’, which had lost to another team shortly before the Olympics, won the least expected gold to the amazement of the world.

The semi-final in which Nigeria, with the help of Kanu Nwankwo’s winning goal, tellingly dubbed “the golden goal”, ousted Brazil equipped with players like the football legend: Christiano Ronaldo in a 4-3 win was largely regarded as the “final before the final”.

Nigeria will prove this in its final game against Argentina with Dosu Joseph, the goalkeeper guarding the post, and Garba Lawal and 17 other talented players winning with a 3-2 goal count.

8. Chioma Ajunwa wins Nigeria’s first Olympic gold medal on August 2, 1996

One of Nigeria’s proudest moments was when footballer became an athlete and police officer; Chioma Ajunwa gave a gold-worthy, stunning jump length of 7.12 meters; a record that stood unbroken for more than two decades as a sprinter; Ese Brume recently broke it with a jump of 7:17 meters.

After a 4-year ban on failing a drug test, Chioma bounced back to deliver a feat that will write her name among the national heroes of gold in history. She became the first African woman to win a gold medal and also the first gold medalist of the three gold medals Nigeria has.

Now the Assistant Commissioner of Lagos State Police under the Sanwo Olu-led government, she was recently presented with a house promised after 25 years by the then military government.

9. Nigerian Physician, Dr. Ameyo Stella Adadevoh, died in Lagos, August 19, 2014

On August 19, 2014, the Nigerian physician, Dr Ameyo Stella Adadevoh, died in quarantine in Lagos for being infected with the Ebola virus (EVD) while disinterestedly performing her duties as a physician.

In July 2014, Patrick Sawyer, a Liberian American, flew from Liberia to Nigeria. However, when he arrived in Lagos, he fell ill and was admitted to a private hospital and became a patient of Dr. Adadevoh who diagnosed Sawyer with EVD and took responsibility for both his health and Ebola virus control.

During Sawyer’s treatment, Dr. Adadevoh less than a month after her patient. She was one of 19 confirmed EVD cases and eight recorded deaths in Nigeria.

10. August 2022 Commonwealth Games Nigeria made history

Formerly known as Durban 2022 and hosted by South Africa but proudly hosted by Birmingham due to financial constraints, the just concluded XXII Commonwealth games was undoubtedly a success, especially for team Nigeria, she has won 12 gold medals ; her highest in the history of communal wealth all won uniquely in the women’s category, two of which attracted international attention.

with the womens 4x100m relay, the Nigerian quartet team with Tobi Amusan, Favor Ofili, Rosemary Chukwuma and Grace Nwokocha made history by becoming the first African womens relay team to win a Commonwealth Games gold. But with the menThe category 4x100m relay team, which featured Udodi Onwuzurike, Favor Ashe, Alaba Akintola and Raymond Ekevwo, also made history with the bronze medal win, the first by the men since 1982.

11. Osun Osogbo August Annual Festival

The Osun Osogbo Cultural Festival is an annual ceremony usually celebrated in August of any given year in the sacred grove, to worship the goddesses of the Osun River, also known as the goddess of fertility. The festival is considered one of Nigeria’s well-documented cultural festivals and recognizes Osun Grove as a Global Cultural Heritage by UNESCO. This religious tradition is also celebrated in other parts of the world, especially in countries in South America such as Brazil, Uruguay, Colombia and Cuba. Regardless of the western influence on African culture and religion, the Osun Osogbo festival has always maintained its originality, authenticity and acceptability among nations around the world.

Over the years, the festival attracted different races of people, both foreigners and non-foreigners usually visit the tourist site from all over the world, as well as Osun worshipers.

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