You will be amazed that there are about 48 African countries you can travel to visa-free or even with an e-visa or visa on arrival as a Nigerian.

Did you know that Senegal is a visa-free country for Nigerians? Yes, you read that right. You do not need a visa to travel to Senegal. All you need is your passport.

Senegal is a country in the western region of Africa with its capital at Darkar. It is popularly known as the ‘Gateway to Africa’. Senegal is a country with an average population of 17.14 million as of 2022.

The people of Senegal are usually called Senegalese. There are about seven main ethnic groups: Wolof, Tukulor, Serer, Malinke, Diola and Soninke. The country is largely dominated by the Wolof ethnic group. They make up about half of the population.

This African country speaks 39 languages, with French as its official language. Wolof is the most popular and widely spoken language in Senegal. Only a few Senegalese speak French. If you have plans to visit or move to Senegal, you must be able to speak French or Wolof fluently. This will save you communication problems, especially if you stay there for a long time.

Senegal has mainly Muslims. This religion is practiced through the involvement of groups commonly referred to as brotherhood. The Qadiri, the Tijani and the Mourides are the three brotherhoods in Senegal. Christianity is also practiced, but by a small population.

Senegal is a member of ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States). As a result of this membership, 14 other member states are allowed to visit without a visa. This means that you only need your passport to travel to Senegal. You should also make sure that your passport is still valid for at least another six months before entering the country. All countries of the European Union can also visit without a visa, but there is a time limit for them. They can only visit for 90 days.

However, visitors wishing to stay longer than 90 days are expected to apply for an extension at the Immigration Service in Senegal.

For foreigners who want to move to Senegal, you must get a resident card to live as an expat for more than three months (90 days). This card must be renewed every year. This entitles you to an identity card, which is only valid for five years.

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1. Economy

The economy of Senegal is more dependent on mining, construction, tourism, fishing and agriculture. These are the main sources of rural employment if you plan to stay in the rural part of Senegal. These also serve as the basis for their export industry.

2. Attractions

Senegal is known as one of the most visited countries in West Africa. There are many attractions and tourist centers. It offers many great sights for tourists and visitors. According to, these are the top attractions in Senegal.


Dakar is the capital and largest city of Senegal. It is strategically located in the eastern and coastal region of Senegal. This country has many museums that showcase African art and other beautiful buildings for sightseeing.

Senegal River

This is one of the special and attractive rivers in Senegal, stretching far into West Africa. It forms the border between Senegal and Mauritania. It has great views, contains water and marine life and also has an amazing history. It has been a tremendous support to regions like the Sahel in times of drought and poverty.

Saint Louis

Saint Louis is known for its various attractions, and this attracts many tourists. It is also called Ndar.

It is located in northwestern Senegal, almost on the edge of the Senegal River. The natural sites in Saint-Louis include:

  1. Djoudj . National Bird Sanctuary
  2. National Park of the Langue de Barbara
  3. Guembeul Wildlife Reserve

This city has many economic industries such as a commercial center, a center for tourism, fishing and sugar production.


This is the capital of the Ziguinchor region, a main town in Senegal that lies along the Casamance River.

It has a popular market known as Marche Saint Maur des Fosses and an artisan center that attracts many visitors. It also has great and spacious hotels.


This is the second largest urban city in Senegal after Dakar. One of the largest mosques in Senegal is located in this city.

It is considered the most sacred city dominated by Muslim practices in Senegal. It is the place of pilgrimage for the Mourides. This annual pilgrimage is called the Grand Magal.

It also has the largest market called the Okass Market.


This city is also one of the largest in eastern Senegal. It is the center for agricultural processing.

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This city is home to the world’s most popular park, known as the Niokolo-Kaba National Park.


Mboro is half an hour away on the north coast of Senegal. It has a small cathedral and three large mosques that adorn the corners of the city.

Job availability

The country’s economy relies on food processing, mining, cement, fertilizer, chemicals, textiles, refining imported petroleum, and tourism. Jobs are open to foreigners.

You can also get English teaching assignments, especially if you are native English speaker. Native English speakers abroad are in high demand. Other job opportunities are also available in different fields depending on your career. According to, there are sites you can visit to submit your resume or applications for foreigner job opportunities.

According to, it is recommended that you first look for a job before applying for a work permit. This is because finding a job will help your employer sponsor your application.

3. Minimum wage

The average wage in Senegal is 275,000 CFA.

4. Crime rate and safety

Senegal is considered a safe country, but a very consistent crime is pickpocketing and street crime, especially in Dakar. Terrorism cannot be ruled out in this country either. There are some routes you should take with caution if you live in Senegal.

5. Average Cost of Living

The cost of living in Senegal is quite higher than in Nigeria. According to ‘The cost of living in Senegal is on average 37.57% higher than in Nigeria. Rents in Senegal are on average 42.19% lower than in Nigeria’.

6. Feed

Senegal is one of the African countries known for its delicious meals. The country has an exceptional culinary skill, inspired by ancient French and North African traditions. Their meals range from spicy meals, exotic juice and many other great Senegalese meals that will leave your taste buds asking for more.

Rice and fish, also known as thieboudienne, is the most popular meal eaten by most families in Senegal. Others include peanut stew, which is called wacky, and chicken, also known as yassa. They also have snacks like fried spring rolls, also known as “nem,” and a refreshing juice made from hibiscus called bissap.

According to Certain groceries in Senegal cost the following:

  1. Milk (normal), (1 liter) 1,120.00CFA
  2. Bread Fresh White Bread (500g) 241.67CFA
  3. Rice (white), (1kg) 500.00CFA
  4. Eggs (normal) (12) 1,252.00CFA
  5. Local Cheese (1kg) 6.500.00CFA
  6. Chicken breast (1kg) 6,151.11CFA
  7. Beef Round (1 kg) (or equivalent red meat on the hind leg) 5,150.00CFA
  8. Apples (1kg) 1,255,56CFA
  9. Banana (1kg) 785.71CFA
  10. Oranges (1kg) 1,050.00CFA
  11. Tomato (1kg) 716.67CFA
  12. Potato (1kg) 600.00CFA
  13. Onion (1kg) 511.11CFA
  14. Lettuce (1 head) 700.00CFA
  15. Water (1.5 liter bottle) 493.75CFA
  16. Bottle of wine (middle class) 5,250.00CFA
  17. Domestic beer (0.5 liter bottle) 668.75CFA
  18. Imported beer (0.33 liter bottle) 1,256.25CFA
  19. Cigarettes 20 Pack (Marlboro) 800.00CFA

7. Rent

An apartment in the city costs 394,200 CFA, outside the center 350,833 CFA. A 3 bedroom apartment in the city costs 771,428 CFA and 560 714 CFA outside the center.

8. Transport

Transport is not very expensive in Senegal. Local bus costs 600 CFA, while a taxi ride costs 1600 CFA. This is just an idea of ​​what the transport prices might be. Your transportation costs are based on your mode or style. It also varies by the distance of the route and the type of transport used.

According to, transportation in Senegal costs the following.

  1. Gasoline (1 liter) 811.01CFA
  2. One way (local transport) 250.00CFA
  3. Monthly pass (regular price) 10,869.57CFA
  4. Taxi Start (Normal Fare) 1,500.00CFA
  5. Taxi 1km (Normal Fare) 1,000.00CFA
  6. Taxi 1 hour wait (normal rate) 6,500.00CF

9. Utilities

Basic utilities such as electricity, heating, cooling, water and waste cost about 58,727.88CFA per month, equivalent to 38,000 in Nigerian naira. Their prepaid mobile rate is 95.00 CFA per minute. They also charge almost 32,271CFA for unlimited data per month.

10. Leisure

  1. Fitness club, monthly fee for 1 adult 42,428.57CFA
  2. Tennis court rental (1 hour on weekends) 5,000.00CFA
  3. Cinema, International Release, 1 Seat 4,000.00CFA

11. Childcare

The average cost for a preschool is about 105,555.56 CFA per month per child. While primary education cost about 6 million CFA which is equivalent to Nigeria’s 4 million naira.

“You need a VISA to work in Senegal unless you are a citizen of an ECOWAS country. It is recommended that you look for work there before applying, as your new employer may often sponsor your application. You can”

12. Travel expenses

The average travel costs from Lagos to Dakar starts from 273, 265NGN

13. Average Hotel Cost

An average hotel in Senegal ranges from 17,000XOF to 45,000XOF.

14. Currency Issued

The currency issued in Senegal is called CFA Franc issued by the West African Bank.


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